What Causes Diabetes? The Possible Reasons- HealthifyMe

Diabetes is a continual situation that requires ongoing medical consideration and self-care. When somebody has diabetes, the physique fails to keep up wholesome glucose ranges within the blood.

However, do you know that diabetes will not be one situation? Researchers now classify diabetes into 5 sorts, a few of which can be extra extreme than others. 

A big groundbreaking research finds that the subgroups of diabetes have their causative components. That data could make your diabetes administration plan extra profitable and personalised.

Regardless of what kind of diabetes you or a cherished one has, understanding its trigger is a step towards improved therapy.

Causes of Diabetes

Diabetes is a severe situation when your physique can’t make or successfully use a hormone known as insulin. Since there may be inadequate insulin, your physique can’t transfer glucose out of your bloodstream into your muscle, fats, and liver cells.

It results in a glucose surplus in your bloodstream. Type 1 and kind 2 diabetes are the most typical kinds. Still, there are different kinds, comparable to prediabetes and gestational diabetes. 

If you’re residing with diabetes, you in all probability questioned the way you developed diabetes or whether or not your kids will develop it, too. Sometimes you inherit a predisposition to diabetes, or one thing in your atmosphere triggers it.

While the precise reason behind most forms of diabetes is unknown, age, gender, weight, genetic make-up, household medical historical past, ethnicity, and environmental components can affect the danger of creating diabetes. Therefore, there isn’t a widespread reason behind diabetes that matches each diabetes subgroup, because it varies relying on the person and the sort.

Managing Diabetes like a Pro

Whether you handle your diabetes with every day insulin injections, oral medicines or by food plan and train, HealthifyMe’s Biosensor System with a Continuous Glucose Monitor provides you the insights to trace and handle your diabetes by yourself.

The CGM tracks your glucose ranges 24/7 by a tiny sensor hooked up to your arm and may sync along with your cell phone, laptop computer, or pc as per your selection.

The real-time and easy-to-read information from CGM can warn you in case your glucose ranges go too low or too excessive. Recent research additionally present that CGM is protected and efficient in each kind 1 and kind 2 diabetes, bettering glycemic management. 

So, who needs to be utilizing a HealthifyPRO CGM? Or when must you begin utilizing it? CGM will not be restricted to hyperglycemic or hypoglycemic sufferers. Any health-conscious one who needs to trace blood glucose ranges effortlessly can change to HealthifyPro 2.0. It provides glucose alerts and warnings in case you have diabetes threat components, comparable to PCOS, hypertension and excessive ldl cholesterol.

In addition to CGM, HealthifyPRO 2.0 comes with a wise scale, a calorie, sleep and water monitoring system, physician session, and a metabolic panel measuring 85+ well being parameters.

The good scale measures your progress, and the metabolic well being screening can establish underlying well being points which may decelerate your progress. The subscription plans additionally embody focused packages like weight reduction, which advantages overweight or chubby people with or with out diabetes seeking to handle their weight.

Type 1 Diabetes Causes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune situation the place the physique has auto-antibodies that destroy the insulin-producing pancreatic cells. As these cells lower, the physique’s capacity to create insulin decreases. The little to no insulin causes glucose to construct up in your blood.

Because the destroyed pancreatic cells can’t provide the physique with ample insulin, kind 1 diabetes leaves you insulin-dependent for all times. Therefore, it’s also called insulin-dependent diabetes. Studies present that about 5%–10% of diabetics are kind 1. 

For many years, there was a standard false impression of kind 1 diabetes being a juvenile illness that usually seems in early childhood or adolescence. However, kind 1 diabetes can develop at any age however usually will get identified at a youthful age.

The destruction of the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells varies from individual to individual. Some individuals expertise a gradual lower in beta cells, whereas some lose the functioning beta cells exceptionally rapidly. During the onset, the pancreas can nonetheless produce some insulin. Therefore, an out of doors supply of insulin is important throughout this section. Still, because the physique continues to cut back the quantity of insulin produced, insulin ranges from an exterior supply should get adjusted.

Doctors aren’t certain in regards to the precise reason behind kind 1 diabetes. Still, genetics and a mix of threat components could develop the situation. The genes you inherit and your loved ones’s historical past of kind 1 diabetes create a higher probability of creating the illness. In most circumstances, a defective immune system is the underlying reason behind kind 1 diabetes.

Here are another threat components which will set off kind 1 diabetes for some individuals:


White individuals could have the next genetic predisposition to kind 1 diabetes since genes known as HLA-DR3 or HLA-DR4 are extra widespread on this group.

However, a research additionally states that the HLA-DR7 gene would possibly put African Americans in danger for kind 1 diabetes. In addition, the HLA-DR9 gene could put Japanese individuals in danger.

Environmental Factors

Even although the precise mechanism is unclear, some viruses could set off kind 1 diabetes. Adult-onset or late-onset kind 1 diabetes usually develops as a result of a number of viral infections, comparable to an enteric virus known as Coxsackieviruses. Chemical toxins throughout the meals may also set off your immune system to destroy the cells that make insulin.

What Causes Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes or insulin resistance diabetes accounts for about 90 to 95% of individuals with diabetes. It is the most typical type of diabetes and impacts how the physique responds to insulin.

Unlike kind 1 diabetes, kind 2 will not be insulin-dependent and has a stronger hyperlink to household historical past and lineage. Some persons are identified with signs of prediabetes, which transforms right into a full onset of kind 2 diabetes when left untreated. 

Here are the widespread causes of kind 2 diabetes:

Insulin Resistance

Type 2 diabetes develops when your physique turns into much less delicate to the consequences of insulin, also called insulin resistance. Hence, cells cease responding to insulin and trigger a glucose build-up within the blood.

Read extra: What Causes Insulin Resistance?

As glucose ranges rise, the pancreas responds by producing an increasing number of insulin, however the cells are nonetheless insulin resistant. As this cycle continues, the pancreas exhausts itself, turns into broken, and reduces the quantity of insulin altogether. In the later phases of kind 2 diabetes, you would possibly require exterior sources of insulin.

Metabolic Syndrome

A metabolic syndrome is a gaggle of circumstances, together with excessive blood sugar, excessive ldl cholesterol and triglycerides, and hypertension. Since it’s a cluster of glucose intolerance and insulin resistance, docs view metabolic syndrome as a predictor of kind 2 diabetes.

Read extra: Metabolic Syndrome Diet: A Detailed Guide!

In addition, a research says that early detection of metabolic syndrome helps not just for stopping kind 2 diabetes mellitus but in addition to lower the danger for related cardiovascular issues.


Those with the next share of visceral fats or physique fats across the stomach are extra weak to kind 2 diabetes. The further fats deposits and a scarcity of bodily exercise trigger insulin resistance, resulting in kind 2 diabetes.

What Causes Gestational Diabetes?

Gestational diabetes refers to excessive blood sugar throughout being pregnant that may trigger issues for each mom and baby. Nearly 6-9% of all pregnant girls develop gestational diabetes, however it usually disappears after giving beginning. It often happens in girls round 24 to twenty-eight weeks into being pregnant.

It will increase the danger of future gestational diabetes in later pregnancies. Moreover, there may be an elevated threat for the mom and baby to develop kind 2 diabetes later in life.

During being pregnant, your physique goes by many adjustments, together with hormonal adjustments. The placental hormones produced throughout being pregnant can scale back the physique’s capacity to make use of insulin successfully. As a outcome, it may well trigger excessive blood sugar ranges.

Some different threat components concerned in gestational diabetes are:

  • A household historical past of diabetes
  • Prediabetes
  • Late being pregnant
  • A excessive share of physique fats earlier than changing into pregnant
  • Gaining an excessive amount of weight throughout being pregnant
  • Obesity
  • PCOS

Other Diabetes Causes

Other lesser-known types of diabetes can come up as a result of following causes:


DIDMOAD syndrome (Diabetes Insipidus, Diabetes Mellitus, Optic Atrophy, and Deafness) is a uncommon genetic dysfunction that may trigger diabetes mellitus or diabetes insipidus.

Alström Syndrome is one other uncommon hereditary reason behind kind 2 diabetes in youth. Any mutation or change within the gene that produces insulin may also trigger neonatal diabetes and Mature Onset Diabetes of the Young (MODY).


Sometimes, long-term use of medicines like steroids and antipsychotics causes diabetes. For instance, corticosteroid use, often for 3 months or longer, triggers steroid-induced diabetes.

It is extraordinarily uncommon and infrequently non permanent. However, if the situation turns into continual, you need to take insulin or oral diabetes treatment for all times.

Antiretroviral Therapy 

The use of antiretroviral remedy for treating HIV an infection could have unanticipated antagonistic metabolic results, together with diabetes and insulin resistance.

In addition, it may well trigger antiretroviral-associated diabetes by triggering autoimmunity and concurrent impairment of insulin secretion.

Cystic Fibrosis

In individuals with cystic fibrosis, thick, sticky mucus causes pancreatic scarring. It prevents the pancreas from producing common insulin quantities.

The scarred pancreas could make some insulin however not sufficient to maintain you wholesome. Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes shares some options with kind 1 and kinds 2 diabetes. 

What Food Causes Diabetes?

Eating unhealthy meals may cause varied well being points, together with excessive blood sugar ranges and insulin resistance. Here are 4 primary classes of meals that improve your threat for diabetes:

Heavily Processed Carbohydrates

Processed and refined carbs have nearly no dietary worth. Instead, these easy carbohydrates trigger fast blood sugar and insulin spikes.

In addition, the refined sugar, refined wheat flour and unhealthy fat in packaged snacks and processed baked items improve your threat of weight problems and different diabetes threat components. Therefore, keep away from or restrict your consumption of white bread, rice and pasta, pastries, cookies and truffles. 

Saturated and Trans Fats 

These fat are unhealthy dietary fat that may set off diabetes, coronary heart illness, and weight problems. Saturated fat are  present in full-fat dairy merchandise comparable to butter, cream, complete milk, cheese, and fatty meats.

Fried meals and quick meals are acquainted sources of trans fats. Therefore, exchange full-fat dairy merchandise with low-fat or skimmed choices. And go for pure sources of fat and omega-3 fatty acids comparable to salmon, tuna, mackerel, nuts and seeds, or avocados.

Red Meats and Processed Meats 

Fatty cuts of purple meat and processed meats have larger ranges of sodium, fats, energy, and nitrites, which not solely trigger kind 2 diabetes however elevate coronary heart illness threat.

Read extra: Red Meat: Is it Harmful to Your Health?

A research reveals {that a} three-ounce or 85 g serving of purple meat every day elevated the sort 2 diabetes threat by 19%. Replace scorching canine, bacon, beef brisket, pork ribs, rib-eye steak and deli meats with leaner meats, comparable to rooster or turkey breast.

Sweetened Beverages

Sweetened drinks like sodas, fruit drinks, candy tea, and lemonade can result in weight acquire or weight problems and improve your probabilities of creating kind 2 diabetes.

Sugary drinks are excessive in added sugar and often include no protein or fibre, to allow them to trigger your glucose ranges to rise and drop rapidly.

The HealthifyMe Note

The blood-sugar responses to completely different meals are extremely private. Therefore, there aren’t any one-size-fits-all dietary approaches in predicting the glucose stage responses to meals. However, overeating purple meat, processed meat, refined carbs, saturated and trans fat, and sugary drinks result in weight acquire and would possibly improve insulin resistance. 

How Can Nutritionists Help With Diabetes?

Maintaining a wholesome blood sugar stage is the first focus of managing diabetes. Watching portion sizes and selecting nutritious, low-GI meals may help you management blood glucose ranges. Moreover, a registered nutritionist may help you get the vitamins you must enable you higher handle diabetes.

Talking with a nutritionist lets you determine what meals are suitable along with your glucose ranges and works with you on long-term food plan plans. 

People with diabetes want to know that the impact of meals and vitamin on glucose ranges varies from individual to individual. Opting for HealthifyPRO 2.0 provides you entry to tailor-made food plan charts primarily based in your distinctive response to varied meals.

RIA, the interactive AI Nutritionist, will be certain that you keep on monitor by offering you with more healthy selections in your unhealthy meals cravings.

In addition, the well being coaches at HealthifyMe assist put collectively a every day meal plan that considers your meals preferences, allergic reactions, stage of bodily exercise, and way of life selections to enhance your well being outcomes.


Diabetes is a posh situation that requires correct administration, therapy, and planning. Type 1 diabetes, kind 2, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes are probably the most generally identified, however there are different sorts.

In most circumstances, a mix of genetic and environmental components causes diabetes. The lesser-known diabetes sorts are sometimes a results of uncommon circumstances, gene mutations, and medicines like steroids and antipsychotics.

There is not any treatment for many types of diabetes. Still, you may decrease your threat with a nutritious diet, shedding pounds, and bettering your basic way of life habits.

And suppose you might have diabetes and discover it difficult to observe the sudden rise or fall within the blood glucose stage. In that case, the HealthifyPRO CGM is an ideal selection. With a CGM, you may monitor your sugar ranges all through the day and get correct outcomes each time.

The real-time variations are famous by nutritionists and coaches, who enable you to design an exercise and meals plan suited to your work, lifecycle, age, and preferences. Here customisation lies on the centre of the providing. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. Can kind 1 diabetes be attributable to food plan?

A. No, your food plan doesn’t trigger kind 1 diabetes. Since kind 1 diabetes is a case of autoimmunity, solely genetic and environmental components contribute to illness threat. However, chemical toxins inside meals in toddler and childhood diets could play a task in kind 1 diabetes autoimmunity. 

Q. Can consuming an excessive amount of sugar trigger diabetes?

A. Sugar doesn’t immediately trigger diabetes. However, you usually tend to acquire extra weight from overeating added and refined sugar. In addition, being overweight or chubby makes you insulin resistant, resulting in diabetes. 

Q. What are the primary causes of kind 2 diabetes?

A. Type 2 diabetes develops when the physique doesn’t reply to it successfully. Lack of bodily exercise, being chubby or overweight, a household historical past of diabetes, and a poor food plan improve the danger of kind 2 diabetes. For girls, having PCOS or a historical past of gestational diabetes will increase the danger.

Q. What meals trigger kind 2 diabetes?

A. A poor food plan is usually a major reason behind kind 2 diabetes. Heavily processed carbohydrates, sugar-sweetened drinks, saturated and trans fat, purple meats and processed meats may cause kind 2 diabetes. Therefore, you need to keep away from or reasonable your consumption of those meals to cut back the danger. 

Q. Is gestational diabetes attributable to poor food plan?

A. Yes, having a poor food plan earlier than and through being pregnant may cause gestational diabetes. The total high quality of carbohydrates, fat, and proteins you eat performs an important position throughout being pregnant. Diets excessive in saturated fats, trans fats, processed meats, and excessive glycaemic load improve the danger of gestational diabetes. However, following high-fibre and low-GI diets may very well be useful. 

Q. What are the meals to stop diabetes?

A. High-fibre and low-GI diets may help enhance insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance. Nuts, oatmeal, fruits, greens, and legumes are extremely useful in stopping the onset of diabetes. Follow a wholesome, balanced food plan low in saturated fats, added sugar, and sodium to cut back your threat for diabetes. 

Q. What issues can kind 1 diabetes trigger?

A. Untreated or poorly managed kind 1 diabetes may cause coronary heart illness, poor immunity, kidney illness, poor oral well being, stroke, and frequent pores and skin infections. It additionally makes you extra weak to diabetes-related retinopathy, cataracts, glaucoma, and macular oedema. Therefore, you want fixed day-to-day care and administration to stop the potential issues of kind 1 diabetes.

Q. What genetically causes kind 1 diabetes?

A. While the precise trigger is unknown, researchers imagine particular genes particularly races and ethnicities trigger kind 1 diabetes. For occasion, particular gene variants like HLA-DQA1, HLA-DQB1, and HLA-DRB1 improve the danger of creating kind 1 diabetes. Moreover, genetic data is important for making proteins that handle the immune system. And a defective immune system most of the time causes kind 1 diabetes.

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