The Diabetes-Fighting Vegetable For You- HealthifyMe

Brinjal, additionally referred to as eggplant or aubergine, is a well-liked vegetable in Indian delicacies. It has a particular texture and versatile flavour.  Recently, there was a surge of curiosity in eggplant’s potential well being advantages, significantly for folks with diabetes. Some research have recommended that the consumption of brinjal could have optimistic results on folks with diabetes, as it will possibly assist to manage blood sugar ranges.

This article will discover the impression of brinjal consumption on diabetes and the potential advantages of including this vegetable to a diabetes-friendly weight loss plan.

Nutritional Values of Brinjal


With its low-calorie and high-fibre content material, brinjal is a wonderful selection for people in search of to manage their weight and handle blood sugar. Additionally, its excessive ranges of antioxidants, nutritional vitamins, and minerals, akin to vitamin C, potassium, and folate, make it nutritious. Moreover, brinjal incorporates nasunin, an anthocyanin pigment with potent antioxidant talents.

According to the USDA, dietary values of 100 grams of cooked, boiled and drained eggplant ready with out salt are as follows.

  • Energy: 35kCal
  • Carbohydrates: 8.73g
  • Fibre: 2.5g
  • Protein: 0.83g
  • Calcium: 6mg
  • Magnesium:11mg
  • Potassium: 123mg
  • Phosphorus: 15mg
  • Vitamin A: 37IU
  • Vitamin C: 1.3mg
  • Vitamin Okay: 2.9µg
  • Vitamin B6: 0.086mg
  • Folate: 14µg

The dietary worth of eggplant might be affected by numerous components, together with the preparation technique and the oil used. For occasion, frying or sautéing eggplant in oil will increase its calorie and fats content material in comparison with steaming or roasting. Additionally, the kind of oil used throughout cooking may also have an effect – for instance, olive oil is a more healthy possibility than oil with a excessive saturated fats content material. Finally, the number of eggplant may also play a job, as differing kinds could comprise totally different ranges of vitamins. Some could have a better fibre content material and others a better antioxidant content material.

The HealthifyMe Note

Rich in nutritional vitamins and minerals, brinjal is a nutrient-dense vegetable. Its excessive fibre advantages digestive well being, weight administration, and blood sugar management. Additionally, brinjal is an efficient supply of nutritional vitamins C, Okay, and B6 and potassium, manganese, and folate. As a outcome, it will possibly profit total well being.

Glycemic Index of Brinjal

A meals’s glycemic index (GI) tells you ways shortly it would elevate your blood sugar. Foods with a excessive GI break down extra quickly and may trigger a substantial, sudden rise in your blood sugar. On the opposite hand, meals with a low GI digest extra slowly, leading to a slower, extra minor enhance in your blood sugar.

The Glycemic Index Database states that eggplant has an approximate glycemic index of 20, which is taken into account low. That makes it a really perfect meals for folks with diabetes or anybody attempting to maintain their blood sugar in test, because it is not going to trigger a sudden spike of their blood sugar ranges.

Exploring the Relationship between Eggplant and Diabetes 

Diabetes is a long-term situation characterised by an excessive amount of sugar within the blood. It is split into two fundamental classes: sort 1 diabetes and kind 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune dysfunction through which the physique’s immune system mistakenly assaults and destroys cells within the pancreas accountable for producing insulin. Type 2 diabetes outcomes from resistance to insulin, which means the physique’s cells usually are not responding appropriately to the hormone, resulting in elevated blood sugar ranges.

Obesity is a major threat issue for sort 2 diabetes, and diets excessive in energy and low in vitamins can enhance the chance of creating the situation. However, consuming extra nutrient-dense fruit and veggies result in a lowered threat. Brinjal is a wonderful selection as it’s low in energy but full of fibre, nutritional vitamins, and minerals.

Eggplant is a wonderful supply of antioxidants, that are molecules that assist defend the physique from free radicals. These free radicals are molecules that may harm cells and trigger continual diseases like diabetes. In addition, eggplant pores and skin incorporates Nasunin, a flavonoid recognized to have anti-inflammatory properties. As a outcome, it will possibly defend the physique from the destruction brought on by free radicals.

There has not been in depth analysis on the direct results of brinjal consumption on blood sugar ranges in folks with diabetes. However, research have recommended that consuming meals excessive in fibre and low in energy, akin to brinjal, could enhance blood sugar management. For instance, analysis exhibits {that a} weight loss plan wealthy in fibre-rich fruit and veggies, together with brinjal, was linked to a decreased threat of creating diabetes.

The Benefits of Brinjal for Diabetes Control

Brinjal could have advantages for folks with diabetes that reach past its potential impression on blood sugar ranges.

Research has indicated that brinjal powder could also be useful for folks with diabetes, as it could assist decrease blood stress. As a outcome, it will possibly cut back their threat of heart problems. Furthermore, brinjal’s antioxidant and anti inflammatory properties could assist defend towards mobile harm and irritation.


Eggplant is wealthy in phytonutrients, useful compounds present in crops that positively have an effect on well being. Research exhibits that phytonutrients may also cut back irritation and decrease blood sugar ranges.

One phytonutrient in brinjal is chlorogenic acid, a polyphenol with anti-inflammatory results. It may also help cut back blood sugar ranges. Another phytonutrient in eggplant is solavetivone. It is an antibacterial substance that might stop the expansion of hazardous micro organism within the intestine.

Good Source of Fibre

Eggplant is a wonderful supply of fibre, which helps to manage blood sugar ranges. That is as a result of fibre slows down the absorption of sugar by the blood, thus decreasing blood sugar ranges. In addition, fibre additionally aids weight reduction, which may also help stop weight problems.

Potassium and Magnesium

Eggplant is a nutritious vegetable wealthy in two essential minerals, potassium and magnesium. Potassium is crucial for sustaining good coronary heart well being as it will possibly assist to decrease blood stress and cut back the chance of coronary heart illness in these with diabetes. 

Magnesium can be important for blood sugar management. It helps the physique use insulin extra effectively and will decrease blood sugar ranges in folks with diabetes. Additionally, magnesium could cut back the chance of coronary heart illness in these with diabetes.

Ways to Use Brinjal in a Diabetes-Friendly Diet

There are many scrumptious choices when you search for diabetes-friendly methods to include brinjal into your weight loss plan. Popular Indian dishes that embrace brinjal are:

  • Baingan Bharta (roasted and mashed brinjal combined with spices and tomatoes) 
  • Bharva Baingan (stuffed brinjal with a combination of spices and greens) 
  • Baingan ka Raita (a yoghurt-based dip made with mashed brinjal, yoghurt, and spices) 
  • Baingan ki Subzi (sautéed brinjal with spices and greens)

When together with brinjal in a diabetes-friendly weight loss plan, portion measurement is crucial. Consuming about ½ cup of cooked brinjal per serving is beneficial. Be positive to pair brinjal with different nutrient-dense meals to make it a balanced meal. To get a customized plan to include brinjals and different nutritious meals to handle diabetes, you may discuss to a HealthifyMe nutritionist.


The potential advantages of brinjal for folks with diabetes could also be promising, but extra analysis is required to grasp its impression on blood sugar ranges. Nevertheless, research have indicated that consuming brinjal may also help enhance blood sugar management and cut back the chance of problems which are related to diabetes. 

Many Indian dishes characteristic brinjals, akin to Baingan Bharta, Bharva Baingan, Baingan ka Raita, and Baingan ki Subzi. Consuming these meals and being conscious of portion sizes with different nutritious meals can profit diabetes administration.

The Research Sources

1. The U S Department of Agriculture

2. Glycemic Index Guide


3. Wang PY, Fang JC, Gao ZH, Zhang C, Xie SY. Higher consumption of fruits, greens or fibre reduces the chance of sort 2 diabetes: A meta-analysis. J Diabetes Investig. 2016 Jan;7(1):56-69. doi: 10.1111/jdi.12376. Epub 2015 Jun 22. PMID: 26816602; PMCID: PMC4718092.

4. Nishimura M, Suzuki M, Takahashi R, Yamaguchi S, Tsubaki Okay, Fujita T, Nishihira J, Nakamura Okay. Daily Ingestion of Eggplant Powder Improves Blood Pressure and Psychological State in Stressed Individuals: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Study. Nutrients. 2019 Nov 16;11(11):2797. doi: 10.3390/nu11112797. PMID: 31744060; PMCID: PMC6893753. content=Eggplant%20powderpercent20intakepercent20significantlypercent20decreased,thosepercent20ofpercent20thepercent20placebopercent20group.

5. Mengjie Kong, Kang Xie, Minghui Lv, Jufei Li, Jianyu Yao, Kaixuan Yan, Xiaoqin Wu, Ying Xu, Dewei Ye, Anti-inflammatory phytochemicals for the remedy of diabetes and its problems: Lessons realized and future promise, Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Volume 133, 2021, 110975, ISSN 0753-3322,

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