Is Jowar Good for Diabetes? Let’s Find Out

One of the vital elements of diabetes administration is making a weight-reduction plan plan with meals that don’t improve your blood sugar ranges.

And one of many standard weight-reduction plan methods is swapping refined flour with multigrain flour or millets. Jowar, often known as sorghum, is a tropical millet. Due to its larger fibre content material, most individuals contemplate jowar a greater different to rice and wheat in a diabetic weight-reduction plan. 

Jowar is a rough, grain cereal with substantial portions of wholesome fat, dietary fibre, proteins, antioxidants, and different nutritional vitamins and minerals.

Despite the excessive starch stage on this cereal, jowar in really useful parts serves as a purposeful meals for managing Diabetes Mellitus. From being gluten-free to aiding weight reduction, jowar has a number of different well being advantages. 

Nutritional Profile of Jowar Grains and Jowar Flours

Jowar, in its purest kind, seems to be like couscous and has a barely chewy texture. Whole-grain jowar has extra protein and fibre than pearled jowar. It is as a result of the skin layer of the whole-grain jowar kernels will get eliminated to supply pearled sorghum. 

According to USDA, 100 grams of jowar incorporates the next vitamins:

  • Calories: 329 energy
  • Protein: 10.6 g
  • Fibre: 6.7 g
  • Carbohydrates: 72.1 g
  • Fats: 3.46 g
  • Calcium: 13 mg
  • Iron: 3.36 mg
  • Magnesium: 165 mg
  • Potassium: 363 mg
  • Selenium: 12.2 mcg

Jowar contains 72-75% of advanced carbohydrates. They are lengthy carb molecules with loads of fibre and take longer to digest than easy carbs. Therefore, regardless of having 72.1 g of carbohydrates per 100 g serving, jowar doesn’t quickly elevate your blood sugar ranges. 

Jowar flour, milled sorghum, is available in two varieties: complete grain and white flour. Both flour varieties have totally different dietary compositions. However, selecting complete grain jowar flour is a more healthy and more sensible choice than going for refined, unenriched jowar flour. 

According to USDA, 100 grams of complete grain jowar flour incorporates the next vitamins:

  • Calories: 359 energy
  • Protein: 8.43 g
  • Fibre: 6.6 g
  • Carbohydrates: 76.6 g
  • Fats: 3.34 g
  • Calcium: 12 mg
  • Magnesium: 123 mg
  • Selenium: 12.2 mcg

According to USDA, 100 grams of refined, unenriched jowar flour incorporates the next vitamins:

  • Calories: 357 energy
  • Protein: 9.53 g
  • Fibre: 1.9 g
  • Carbohydrates: 76.8 g
  • Fats: 1.24 g
  • Calcium: 6 mg
  • Magnesium: 31 mg

The HealthifyMe Note

People with diabetes ought to select complete grain, unrefined jowar flour over the refined selection. Although the carbohydrate content material is comparable, the poor fibre in refined jowar flour is a significant downside. Unlike complete grain flour, refined flour has easy carbs that spike blood sugar. Furthermore, the extent of calcium and magnesium in refined jowar flour can also be lowered. 

Relationship Between Jowar and Diabetes

Jowar is a superb supply of fibre, which helps decelerate digestion and carbohydrate absorption. These twin elements assist to maintain blood sugar ranges steady.

The fibre additionally helps to maintain you full longer, which will help with weight management, an important factor in managing diabetes. 

A research means that jowar assists in managing glucose and insulin ranges in wholesome people. Additionally, pre-diabetic or diabetic people would profit from utilizing grain jowar as a purposeful ingredient of their weight-reduction plan. 

Jowar can also be excessive in nutritional vitamins and minerals, together with iron, magnesium, and phosphorus. Iron is crucial for stopping anaemia, magnesium helps to control blood sugar ranges, and phosphorus helps to strengthen bones and enamel. These nutritional vitamins and minerals are important for general well being and well-being, particularly for individuals with diabetes.

Overall, jowar is a superb alternative for individuals with diabetes trying so as to add a portion of nutritious and diabetes-friendly meals to their weight-reduction plan. Not solely is jowar a wholesome and nutritious alternative, however it is usually very versatile, and one can use it in many alternative methods. From breakfast cereals to facet dishes, jowar is usually a welcome addition to any diabetic weight-reduction plan.

Glycemic Index or GI of Jowar

Jowar is a superb supply of advanced carbohydrates, which supplies it a low to reasonable glycemic index of 62. It signifies that jowar will get slowly digested and absorbed into the bloodstream, resulting in a gradual launch of vitality and a gradual rise in blood sugar ranges. 

While varied makes use of and types of jowar result in various glycemic index ranges, nearly all jowar flour and different merchandise fall beneath a low to medium GI vary.

Is Jowar Roti Good for Diabetics?

Jowar roti is a superb possibility for individuals with diabetes. It is a whole-grain roti with a reasonable glycemic index and is excessive in fibre, nutritional vitamins, and minerals.

The glycemic index of jowar adjustments if made into coarse flour and is topic to cooking strategies like boiling, making rotis and porridges. White jowar roti falls within the GI vary of 49.85, whereas yellow jowar roti is round 52.56. 

The excessive fibre content material helps sluggish glucose absorption within the bloodstream, which helps handle blood sugar ranges. Furthermore, jowar roti is gluten-free, making it a superb possibility for individuals with gluten intolerances.

Jowar roti can also be wealthy in antioxidants, which will help cut back diabetes-related irritation. Ultimately, jowar roti is a more healthy possibility than refined grains and is usually a welcome addition to a diabetes-friendly weight-reduction plan.

Jowar Roti vs Wheat Roti

Jowar or wheat roti which is healthier for individuals with diabetes? It is determined by your personalised glycemic response. You can eat jowar roti and use the HealthifyPRO steady glucose monitoring (CGM) system to examine how your blood sugar responds to it. 

Whether a meals in comparison with one other is healthier for individuals with diabetes is extremely subjective. Both jowar and wheat roti are good sources of fibre. However, being gluten-free and a wealthy supply of antioxidants, jowar has the higher hand in some circumstances.

It incorporates antioxidants like tannin and anthocyanin. Studies present that the antioxidants tannins and anthocyanin current in jowar neutralise the consequences of free radicals that trigger diabetes. 

While jowar has a reasonable GI rating and a very good dietary profile, there’s nonetheless no solution to assure that it’s going to go well with you. When trying for a weight-reduction plan plan for diabetes, one of the best ways is to create a personalized one as per your private wants.

HealthifyMe nutritionists create a meal plan primarily based in your meals preferences and blood sugar response. 

Ways to Incorporate Jowar into Your Diet

It is a flexible grain that can be utilized in many alternative methods, making it an ideal addition to your weight-reduction plan. Here are some methods to incorporate jowar in your weight-reduction plan: 

Jowar Flour

It is a flexible ingredient used to make varied dishes, together with chapatis, parathas, pancakes, and different flatbreads. In addition, you should use jowar flour in baking to make muffins, muffins, and different desserts. 

Jowar and Vegetable Pilaf 

It is a scrumptious and nutritious dish made with jowar and varied greens. It is an effective way to get in some further fibre and vitamin. 

Jowar Roti 

Jowar roti is a well-liked Indian flatbread made with jowar flour. It is a superb solution to get your every day dose of fibre and different vitamins. 

Jowar Porridge 

Jowar porridge is a hearty and nutritious breakfast possibility. It is made by boiling jowar in water and including wholesome flavourings similar to spices, nuts, and dry fruits.

Jowar Khichdi 

It is a standard Indian dish with jowar, lentils, and greens. It is an effective way to get an affordable quantity of protein and fibre. 

Jowar Upma 

Jowar upma is a well-liked South Indian dish made with jowar and greens. It is superb for breakfast or as a mid-afternoon meal.

Jowar Idli  

Jowar idli is a steamed cake made with jowar, urad dal, and spices. 

Jowar Pulao 

This flavorful and nutritious dish is made with jowar, greens, and spices. 


Jowar is a reasonable glycemic index meals. The fibre content material, together with protein and different vitamins in jowar, makes it a meals perfect for a diabetes weight-reduction plan plan.

Jowar additionally assists in weight reduction. For an individual with diabetes, it’s best to have roti made from jowar flour in comparison with refined flour chapati. However, communicate to your nutritionist earlier than including something new to your weekly menu. 

The amount of jowar that’s greatest for individuals with diabetes is determined by a number of elements, together with your every day caloric consumption. If you discover any discomfort once you eat jowar, instantly cease consuming it and search knowledgeable opinion. 

The Research Sources

1.  Data by the US Department of Agriculture. Data Type: SR Legacy | Food Category: Cereal Grains and Pasta  | FDC ID:  169716

2. Data by the US Department of Agriculture. Data Type: SR Legacy | Food Category: Cereal Grains and Pasta  | FDC ID: 168943

3. Data by the US Department of Agriculture. Data Type: SR Legacy | Food Category: Cereal Grains and Pasta  | FDC ID: 173262

4.  Nicole M. Poquette, Xuan Gu and Sun-Ok Lee: Grain sorghum muffin reduces glucose and insulin responses in males, University of Arkansas, Department of Food Science, 2014, 5, 894-899 material/articlehtml/2014/fo/c3fo60432b

5. Zehiroglu, C., & Ozturk Sarikaya, S. B. (2019). The significance of antioxidants and their place in at present’s scientific and technological research. Journal of meals science and know-how, 56(11), 4757–4774.

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