Influence of Bananas on Diabetes and Blood Sugar Levels- HealthifyMe

Banana is understood for its versatility and excessive dietary worth. However, regardless of being a wholesome fruit, bananas are sometimes thought-about unhealthy resulting from their excessive sugar content material. The views on the consumption of bananas by individuals with diabetes additionally appear to be divided. While some consider it’s unsuitable for individuals with diabetes resulting from its excessive sugar degree, others swear by its constructive impact on blood sugar ranges.

We will attempt to untangle this thriller and reply the massive query: Can an individual with diabetes have a banana?

Everything You Need to Know About Bananas

The scientific title for banana is Musa, and it belongs to the household Musaceae. Musaceae is a household of flowering crops completely grown in tropical areas and distinctively showcase bananas clustered on the prime of the plant. After Uganda, India is the most important producer of bananas. The American Medical Association has termed them superfoods within the early twentieth century. 

According to information, nutritionists use bananas as complementary medication to deal with varied pathological circumstances like celiac illness and diarrhoea.

Types of Bananas and their Nutritional Values


This fruit makes up round 50% of banana produce. It is the traditional banana kind that’s mildly candy when ripe. The bananas are typically clear yellow with none brown spots. The ripening course of will make the peel thinner. Brown spots seem within the peel and turn into progressively bigger till they cowl your complete peel. Cavendish is wealthy in vitamin B6, which helps steadiness sugar ranges within the physique. It additionally protects our nervous system from the chance of stroke. 


Plantain is a bigger and much less candy model of banana which is starchier and used for cooking. It is mostly inexperienced in color. Plantain bananas wealthy in starch comprise magnesium, potassium, and nutritional vitamins A and Okay and are appropriate for a wholesome physique. They even have vitamin C and B, together with thiamine and riboflavin.

Red Banana

This selection is shorter and plumper with a reddish-purple hue. The ripe purple bananas are creamier and usually sweeter than Cavendish bananas. It has an ideal dietary worth and is wealthy in nutritional vitamins B6 and C and magnesium.

Ladies Finger

They are thinner and shorter varieties of banana, therefore referred to as girls’ fingers. They are larger in potassium and dietary fibre and richer in nutritional vitamins C and B5.


It is one of the main banana sorts primarily accessible in Kerala, India. It helps decrease ldl cholesterol and reduces blood stress, and will increase metabolism. Nendran banana has a low glycemic index. 

Nutritional Values

According to USDA, 100 grams of banana comprises,

  • Water: 74.9 g
  • Energy: 89 Kcal
  • Protein: 1.09 g
  • Total Fat: 0.33 g
  • Carbohydrates: 22.8 g
  • Fibre: 2.6 g
  • Starch: 5.38 g
  • Calcium: 5mg
  • Iron 0.26 mg
  • Magnesium 27 mg
  • Phosphorus 22 mg
  • Potassium 358 mg

One medium banana gives about 1.2 grams of protein, 27 grams of carbohydrates, 3 grams of dietary fibre, 0 grams of fats, 14 grams of sugar and 420 mg of potassium.

Bananas and Their Effect on Diabetes and Blood Sugar Levels

If you have got diabetes, being conscious of the amount and kind of carbohydrates in your weight-reduction plan is crucial. Compared to different vitamins, carbohydrates elevate your blood sugar degree extra. Therefore, it considerably impacts your blood sugar administration. When your blood sugar ranges rise with out diabetes, your physique begins to supply insulin. Insulin is a hormone launched that helps the cells uptake glucose from the blood, subsequently utilised by our physique. Unfortunately, it doesn’t work in diabetic sufferers as their insulin manufacturing is impaired or cells are non-responsive to insulin. Without correct diabetes administration, individuals with diabetes might expertise blood sugar spikes after consuming excessive carbohydrate meals, that are extremely unhealthy.

According to USDA, a medium-sized banana comprises about 27 grams of comparatively excessive carbohydrates. However, bananas even have about 3 grams of dietary fibre. According to a examine, fibre helps decelerate the absorption of carbohydrates. It, in flip, reduces the blood spikes and total contributes to blood sugar administration. Therefore, a greater manner of figuring out the consequences of bananas on blood sugar ranges is by taking a look at their glycemic index and glycemic load.

Do Bananas have a High Glycemic Index?

The glycemic index (GI) measures blood sugar ranges after consuming a selected meals, and the GI values assist establish whether or not a meals is appropriate for individuals with diabetes or not. For instance, a GI rating of 55 or much less is rated as low, which means that the meals won’t elevate blood sugar considerably. 

The glycemic load (GL) is a extra particular measure that accounts for not solely a meals’s glycemic index however components the quantity of carbohydrates in a single serving of that meals. A rating of 10 or much less is taken into account a low GL. According to a meta-analytic examine, decrease glycemic index meals are thought-about higher for individuals with diabetes.

According to a examine, ripe bananas have a low GI of 51 and a average GL of 13. Let’s perceive why the glycemic load scores larger when the glycemic index is low. It is as a result of larger carbohydrate content material in bananas, which will increase the glycemic load. However, carbohydrate bananas work as resistant starch, which capabilities equally to dietary fibre. 

Resistant starch doesn’t break down within the small gut, releasing much less glucose into the bloodstream. As a consequence, it produces a decrease glycemic index. According to a examine, resistant starch can also assist feed the intestine commensals, which improves metabolic well being and higher blood sugar administration. Data additionally signifies that resistant starch might have helpful results for individuals with diabetes because it improves insulin sensitivity. 

The quantity of carbohydrates in a banana varies relying on the ripeness. Green, or unripe, bananas comprise much less sugar and extra resistant starch. They even have a decrease glycemic index of 42 and a glycemic load of 11. Therefore, it makes unripe bananas a more sensible choice than ripe bananas.

Can Someone with Diabetes Consume Bananas?

With all the information in hand, we will say that bananas may be appropriate for individuals with diabetes as they assist in enhancing insulin sensitivity and sustaining blood sugar. However, it might assist if you happen to thought-about the ripeness of the fruit and the portion dimension. Bananas have a excessive glycemic load, and consuming them in larger portions might spike sugar ranges. Hence bananas must be consumed in smaller parts.

Healthy Recipes Using Green Bananas

Here are some scrumptious and wholesome inexperienced banana recipes for you. 

1. Banana Salad


  • Coarsely chopped bananas: 2 cups
  • Fresh curd whisked: ¾ cup
  • Finely chopped contemporary mint leaves: ½ cup
  • Salt to style
  • Lemon Juice: A couple of drops
  • Peeled and roughly chopped cucumber: ½ cup
  • Roasted and coarsely crushed peanuts: ½ tbsp

For Garnish

  • Roasted and coarsely crushed peanuts: 1 tbsp
  • Finely chopped dill leaves: ½ tbsp
  • Finely chopped inexperienced chillies: ½ tsp


  1. Combine the curd, mint leaves, salt and pepper in a bowl for the dressing, and combine properly.
  2. Add banana, lemon juice, cucumber, salt, dill leaves, and crushed peanuts.
  3. Serve it chilly, garnished with peanuts, dill leaves and inexperienced chillies.

2. Green Banana Curry


  • Apple bananas: 5-6
  • Coconut oil: 2 tbsp
  • Onion, chopped: 1
  • Red or inexperienced bell pepper, chopped: 1
  • Garlic cloves, minced: 4
  • Fresh, grated turmeric (or ½ teaspoon dried): 1 tbsp
  • Fresh, grated ginger: 1 tbsp
  • Mustard seeds: 2 tbsp
  • Coconut milk: 15 ounce
  • Tamarind sauce/paste: 1 tbsp
  • Salt, extra to style: 1 tsp
  • Chopped contemporary cilantro: ¼ cup
  • Chopped contemporary Thai basil: ¼ cup


  • Separate the banana bunch. Put it right into a stockpot and pour sufficient water to cowl it with water.
  • Boil and cook dinner for 25 minutes. Bananas will lose their color and cut up open. Remove the banana from the water and hold it apart to chill.
  • Once cooled, peel bananas and chop them into ½ – inch cubes. 
  • Heat coconut oil and add onion.
  • Cook for 10 minutes or till tender and browned. Then, add chilli, ginger, turmeric, and mustard seeds. 
  • Toss to combine it properly and cook dinner for 5 extra minutes.
  • Add chopped bananas, coconut milk, tamarind chutney and salt. Let simmer on low, then cut back the flame and cowl. 
  • Simmer till the bananas are tender (roughly for 10 minutes).
  • Stir in cilantro and basil, and add extra salt if wanted. 

3. Samoan Green Bananas


  • Coconut milk: 13.5 ounce 
  • Onion (chopped): 1 giant
  • Unripe (inexperienced) bananas: 6 (small)


  • Add coconut milk and onion to a bowl.
  • Boil water in a big pot over medium warmth. Boil bananas of their peels for 30 to 40 minutes. Then filter it.
  • To cool the bananas, run them beneath chilly water to make them straightforward to deal with. Next, take out your complete peel of the banana.
  • Heat a big saucepan over a medium-high flame and place the bananas within the pan. Pour the coconut milk combination over the bananas. 
  • Cook till the coconut milk is foamy. Allow cooling 5 minutes earlier than serving.

You can use inexperienced bananas in a number of methods. They are used uncooked, boiled, fried and in curries. 

You can discover extra enjoyable methods to make use of this wholesome fruit in your weight-reduction plan.


Bananas are extremely nutritious meals which can be found in many types. You can eat it uncooked, or you may as well cook dinner it. They have excessive carbohydrate content material, and therefore individuals with diabetes are afraid to eat them. On digging deeper, we perceive that bananas have a low glycemic index owing to resistant starch. It is the kind of starch that’s proof against enzymes within the small gut and results in slower absorption of blood glucose, stopping a spike in blood sugar ranges. It has constructive results on the upkeep of blood sugar. Hence it’s completely protected and beneficial to eat bananas for individuals with diabetes. However, it might assist to think about the portion dimension and ripeness of bananas earlier than utilizing them. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. What are the advantages of consuming bananas?

A. Nutrient-rich bananas are very helpful for well being. They help digestive well being resulting from dietary fibre. They have a constructive impact on the intestine microflora. According to a examine, they’re additionally full of antioxidants. Since bananas are wealthy in potassium, in addition they assist management hypertension. 

Q. Is it OK to eat bananas every single day?

A.Research is missing on this space. However, one of the research signifies that day by day consumption of bananas might enhance cardiac well being, lipid profile and blood glucose ranges. However, consuming too many bananas a day might trigger detrimental well being results, equivalent to weight acquire, poor blood sugar management, and nutrient deficiencies.

Q. Who shouldn’t eat bananas?

A. All age teams can eat bananas. You ought to, nonetheless, eat it in correct portion sizes as too many bananas are detrimental to your well being. In addition, it’s best to keep away from consuming bananas in case of hyperkalemia, whereby the physique’s potassium ranges are excessive. Bananas are wealthy in potassium and can worsen the situation.

Q. Do bananas make you fats?

A.Bananas are a calorie-rich meals. However, typically beneficial parts don’t make you fats. Weight acquire solely occurs resulting from extra consumption of bananas over a chronic interval of time.  

Q. When do you have to not eat bananas?

A.You can eat bananas at any time of the day. They also can assist you sleep higher as a result of they comprise vitamins like magnesium, potassium and tryptophan.

Q. What do bananas do to the mind?

A.Yes, it’s true that bananas are appropriate in your reminiscence as a result of they comprise vitamin B6. Vitamin B6 boosts the manufacturing of your neurotransmitters serotonin, norepinephrine, and dopamine, which assist you focus and improve your reminiscence. However, there isn’t a concrete proof to show the identical. 

Q. What occurs if you happen to eat a banana each morning?

A.Eating bananas earlier than breakfast or as half of a balanced meal assist promote satiety and assist digestive well being. In addition, bananas comprise a number of important micronutrients, together with potassium and vitamin C.

Q. Do bananas make you poop?

A.Bananas are wealthy in a number of important nutritional vitamins and minerals. Bananas are additionally comparatively excessive in fibre, with one medium banana containing about 3.1 grams of fibre. As a consequence, it could enhance your bowel actions.

Q. Why are bananas unhealthy?

A.Bananas are inherently not unhealthy. On the opposite, they’re extremely nutritious and thought-about superfoods. Eating bananas turns into considerably dangerous provided that you eat too many. 

Q. What are the unwanted effects of bananas?

A.Side results of bananas are uncommon however might embrace bloating, gasoline, cramping, softer stools, nausea, and vomiting. In addition, bananas would possibly trigger excessive blood potassium ranges in very excessive doses, for instance, within the case of hyperkalemia. 

Q. Are bananas good for you earlier than mattress?

A.Yes, you possibly can eat bananas earlier than mattress. They can assist you sleep higher by containing vitamins like magnesium, potassium and tryptophan.

Q. Can you eat bananas with an empty abdomen?

A.We discover that bananas, regardless of being full of potassium, fibre and magnesium, aren’t a very good choice to eat on an empty abdomen. The excessive quantity of pure sugars in bananas that enhance vitality may additionally make you are feeling drained after a couple of hours.

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