Diet Plan for COVID-19 Affected Patients

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is an sickness brought on by a brand new pressure of coronavirus extreme acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS‐CoV‐2). It could cause steady cough, fever, loss/change in sense of odor or style. 

Coronavirus could trigger extra extreme signs in people with weakened immune methods, older individuals, and folks with long-term circumstances like diabetes, most cancers, continual lung illness, and heart problems. 

Proper diet and hydration are vital to deal with this illness and assist handle the signs. A well-balanced food regimen can optimize the operate of the immune system, enhance metabolism, and can assist stop the event of continual signs related to COVID-19. 

It is really useful {that a} food regimen with a selection of recent and unprocessed meals is adopted each day, to supply the physique with the required nutritional vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, protein, and antioxidants. An accurate food regimen will ensure that the physique is in a correct state to defeat the virus!

However, along with dietary administration tips – meals security administration, and sensible meals practices are vital to stop the unfold of the virus. 

Few modifications in your each day routine which can assist in good restoration embody:

Protein Rich Diet 

Adequate protein consumption is required to stop muscle loss and keep metabolic features. Loss of muscle can result in weak spot, fatigue, and incapacity to carry out each day actions.

Protein deficiency is moreover linked to impaired immune system operate and would possibly worsen signs and end in an prolonged restoration time.

Try to incorporate a portion of protein-rich meals in each meal. Vegetarians can embody 2-3 servings/day of pulses, dal, soya, milk & milk merchandise, nuts, and seeds.

Also, besan, sattu, khichdi, peanut, paneer, curd, and mushrooms are good choices. Non-vegetarians can embody all of those together with lean meat like eggs, rooster, and fish of their food regimen.

Healthy Fats

Reduce consumption of extreme fats and choose for cooking strategies that require much less or no fats, equivalent to steaming, grilling, or sautéing as an alternative of frying meals. Choose meals that include wholesome sources of unsaturated fat, like fish and nuts. 

To restrict saturated fat, trim extra fats from meat and poultry and choose for skinless choices. Scale again on meals like purple and fatty meats, butter and full-fat dairy merchandise, palm oil, shortening, and lard. Avoid together with trans fat in your meals as a lot as potential.

Plenty of Fruits and Vegetables 

Vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants current in colourful fruits, and greens facilitate a speedy restoration. Try to incorporate at the very least 5-6 servings of vegetables and fruit each day meal plan. You can add fruits to your milkshakes or smoothies and eat seasonal greens in types equivalent to cooked, sautéed, steamed, or boiled. 

Note: Ensure uncooked produce is cleaned effectively and correct hygiene is adopted.


Recent analysis reveals probiotics can assist enhance the immune system. Healthy micro organism present in probiotics will assist the intestine and intestinal tract battle off disease-causing germs. Yogurt, kefir, pickles, kimchi, and kombucha are loaded with probiotics. 

Probiotics assist the expansion of fine micro organism, which performs an vital position in balancing your physique’s good micro organism and are saved within the intestine. These wholesome micro organism assist steadiness your digestion, immunity, and metabolism. 

Super Fighter Vitamin C 

Vitamin C protects you from an infection by stimulating the formation of antibodies and boosting immunity. As an antioxidant, vitamin C fights free radicals current within the physique.

Include extra vitamin C in your food regimen with citrus fruits like oranges, grapefruit, and tangerines, or purple bell pepper, papaya, strawberries, tomatoes, guavas, broccoli, kiwi, and chilies.

Zinc Rich Foods

Adequate zinc is essential for the event and performance of the immune system and will assist wounds to heal. Zinc wealthy might be present in lean meat, poultry, seafood, milk, entire grain merchandise, beans, pumpkin seeds, and nuts.


Eggs include selenium, a robust antioxidant that performs a key position in cell well being. Other sources embody seafood, Brazil nuts, pumpkin seeds, grains, and dairy merchandise.

Small Frequent Meals 

Eat after each 2-3 hours, it helps in fulfilling your dietary requirement in addition to prevents GI-related problems like irritation, gastritis, bloating, heaviness, acidity.


Staying hydrated with water and clear liquids is significant, even when you don’t really feel thirsty to switch fluid losses and skinny respiratory secretions. If respiratory secretions should not thinned, it could result in pneumonia. So, take sips of water, and in addition strive consuming infused waters with fruit, mint, lemon for higher style.

Add diluted fruit juices, clear soups, rasams, smoothies to satisfy the calorie and water necessities. Avoid an excessive amount of tea/espresso as caffeine tends to extend coronary heart charge and dehydration. 

Herbal Immune Boosters

Quite a lot of herbs and spices can be utilized throughout this section on account of their potential for possessing anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiviral properties.

  • Kadha – Suggested by the Ministry of AYUSH containing spices like cloves, dry ginger, and black pepper decoction for boosting immunity.
  • Turmeric milk with black pepper – Suggested on account of its pro-inflammatory and immune properties
  • Herbs – Like mint, tulsi, basil made into teas assist with antioxidants, bettering style, digestion, and immunity. 

Diet Plan for COVID-19 Affected Patients

Following this pattern meal plan with three small, however balanced, meals and lightweight snacks all through the day gives you an concept of what to eat as a part of your quarantine protocol. You can combine and match the next as per your selection.

Early Morning  (6 – 7 am) 

Diet Plan for COVID-19 Affected Patients- HealthifyMe

1 glass of lukewarm lemon water with cinnamon + 5 soaked almonds and walnuts.

Breakfast choices (After half-hour)  

Diet Plan for COVID-19 Affected Patients- HealthifyMe

  • Palak besan cheela 2 nos with inexperienced chutney and 1 cup curd/
  • Oats porridge with nuts, seeds + one bowl of fruit/
  • Two dosas with much less oil + 1 cup sambar/
  • Vegetable omelet (2 egg whites and 1 entire egg) with 2 slices whole-wheat or multigrain bread

Mid-morning snack choices (10 – 11 am)

Diet Plan for COVID-19 Affected Patients- HealthifyMe

  • 1 bowl of fruit with chia/pumpkin seeds 1 tbsp + 1 glass of lemon water/
  • 1 glass of papaya smoothie with chia and flax seeds 

Lunch (1 – 2 pm)

Diet Plan for COVID-19 Affected Patients- HealthifyMe

  • 2 Phulkas/1 cup of steamed rice + sabji (beans/ cauliflower/ broccoli/ leafy veg/ combined veg) + ¾ cup dal/chana/rajma/1 cup paneer + 1 cup curd

Post lunch (4 pm) 

Diet Plan for COVID-19 Affected Patients- HealthifyMe

  • Kadha/tea of cloves, black pepper, and dried ginger – 1 cup

Mid-evening snack (5 – 6 pm)

Makhana- HealthifyMe

  • Boiled sprouts/pulses or roasted makhana/chana – ½ cup

Before dinner choices (8 pm)


  • Dal paani – 1 cup/
  • Rasam – 1 cup/
  • Carrot/tomato/spinach/broccoli Soup – 1 cup

Dinner choices (8 – 9 pm)

Vegetable Khichdi- HealthifyMe

  • 1 bowl of vegetable khichdi + 1 cup curd/
  • 2 Mung dal cheela with paneer + garlic chutney/ 
  • 3 items of Idli with vegetable sambar/
  • 2 Rotis with palak or methi dal/ egg curry/paneer bhurji – 1 cup


Turmeric Milk

  • Low-fat milk with turmeric and black pepper, with out sugar –  1 glass 


Whether covid 19 or any flu, correct diet is essential for well being, notably in occasions when the immune system would possibly have to battle again. Limited entry to recent meals could compromise our efforts to proceed consuming a wholesome and diversified food regimen. 

It can even doubtlessly result in elevated consumption of extremely processed meals, that are excessive in fat, sugars, and salt. Nonetheless, even with few and restricted substances, one should attempt to eat wholesome and assist the physique within the combating of the virus.

Note: Please keep in mind that the above-given suggestions and food regimen plan should not a remedy or treatment for coronavirus, however a approach to enhance up your immune system to battle in opposition to the an infection.

Stay indoors, keep protected and eat wholesome!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. What are meals to keep away from throughout the COVID-19 pandemic?

A. Highly processed and packaged meals, refined sugars, high-fat meals, meals wealthy in saturated and trans fats, can’t solely decrease immunity but additionally intervene with the physique’s skill to battle the an infection. Also, purple meats ought to be prevented as they enhance irritation within the physique.

Q. What are the very best meals to eat throughout the COVID-19 pandemic?

A. Fresh seasonal vegetables and fruit, correctly washed, together with protein-rich dals, pulses or lean meats, and entire grains are the very best meals to be consumed throughout the pandemic. Along with these probiotic-rich curds, good fat from nuts, seeds & herbs, and spices like turmeric, ginger, garlic which have antiviral and anti inflammatory properties must also be included.

Q. How ought to I wash vegetables and fruit within the time of COVID-19?

A. The greatest approach to wash vegetables and fruit is with operating water. You can even soak greens and fruits in saltwater or vinegar water to take away contaminants. One can use thick peeled vegetables and fruit or take away the peel if the recent produce will not be natural.

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