Beetroot and Cancer: The Healthy Connection- HealthifyMe

Beetroot is a tuber with many stunning advantages. Beetroot is known as a beet in lots of international locations and Beta vulgaris scientifically. The root belongs to the amaranth household. It is broadly grown for its edible leaves and its taproot. The beetroot leaves are often called beet greens, as they’re inexperienced in color with a pink define.

Beetroot can act as a holistic, health-promoting purposeful meals doubtlessly useful in most cancers. In addition, beetroot supplementation can assist handle cancer-related fatigue or treatment-related uncomfortable side effects because of its wealthy dietary nitrates, flavonoids, and polyphenols content material. The potential chemopreventive properties of the phytochemical parts current in crimson beetroot look promising.  

Nutritional Composition of Beetroot

The dietary worth of 100 grams of beetroot is as follows: 

  • Calories: 43 Kcal
  • Protein: 1.61 g
  • Fat: 0.17 g
  • Carbohydrate: 9.56 g
  • Fibre: 2.8 g
  • Sugar: 6.76 g
  • Calcium: 16 mg
  • Iron: 0.8 mg 

The dietary worth of 100 grams of beetroot leaves is as follows: –

  • Calories: 22 Kcal
  • Water: 91 g
  • Protein: 2.2 g
  • Fat: 0.13 g
  • Carbohydrate: 4.33 g
  • Fibre: 3.7 g
  • Sugar: 0.5 g
  • Calcium: 117 mg
  • Iron: 2.57 mg
  • Magnesium: 70 mg

Beetroot as a Cancer Protective Tuber

Despite its candy flavour, beetroot is a nutrient-dense vegetable with a low-calorie content material. Beetroot is excessive in folate and B nutritional vitamins, that are wholesome on your coronary heart and have anti-cancer properties because of their DNA manufacturing and restore perform. The crimson hue within the vegetable derives from a meals pigment referred to as betalain, which is expounded to coronary heart and most cancers safety. Beetroot decreases carcinogen formation and stimulates the era of immune cells and physique enzymes that assist within the battle in opposition to most cancers development in animal research. Beetroot provides quite a lot of vitamins, together with potassium and vitamin C, whether or not cooked, canned, or uncooked.

Traditional Persian remedy makes use of beetroot to stop and handle the metastatic development of most cancers. It can also be broadly utilized in different medicinal methods, together with ayurvedic, conventional Chinese, and Arab drugs. According to a medical research, juiced or blended beetroot is a well-liked purposeful meals amongst colorectal, prostate, and breast most cancers sufferers. Functional meals are meals that supply well being advantages past their dietary worth. 

The Connection Between Beetroot and Cancer

Beetroot is excessive in micronutrients and bioactive parts with well being advantages, and it is rising in popularity as a health-promoting purposeful meals. It comprises water-soluble betalains equivalent to betaxanthins and betacyanins, flavonoids, polyphenols, and saponins. As per chemoprevention research, betanin pigments in beetroot have cytotoxic and development inhibitory properties in opposition to numerous most cancers cells. In addition, beetroot has a whole lot of flavonoids and polyphenolic parts, which assist its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. 

Extracts of beetroot present betalain pigments that assist scale back most cancers. In addition, the crimson beetroot juice with betalain helps eradicate pre-cancerous lesions. Alternatively, the anthocyanins within the crimson beetroot plant, the anthocyanins are all antioxidants that limit carcinogenesis. 

In yet one more research, the anti-proliferative nature of beetroot exhibits useful leads to managing most cancers proliferation and its spreading. The health-beneficial compounds in beetroots, betalains and betaine inhibit hepatocellular carcinoma proliferation. They inhibit the proliferation of most cancers cells and induce their dying however have restricted results on regular cells.

Beetroot for Breast Cancer

Beetroot comes from the identical household as sugar beets. In a latest research, betavulgarin, remoted from sugar beets, suppressed the expansion of breast most cancers cell strains, migration, colony formation, and mammosphere formation. In addition, it inhibits aggregated most cancers cell proliferation seen in breast most cancers phases. The purified betavulgarin from beets may function an anticancer agent in opposition to breast most cancers cells and breast most cancers stem cells. Interestingly, betavulgarin stored most cancers mutated breast cells in an inactive stage to stop additional cell cycle development.

Other Benefits of Beetroot 

Protects the Liver

Beet juice or beets added to your weight loss plan frequently improve the extent of detoxifying liver enzymes. In addition, antioxidants, vitamin A, vitamin B-6, and iron are all current in beet juice. These vitamins safeguard the liver from irritation and oxidative stress whereas additionally enhancing its capability to eradicate toxins. 


The well being good thing about beetroot is its excessive nitrate content material, which improves muscle energy, particularly that of the guts. According to a research, ingesting a glass of beetroot juice enhanced muscle energy in sufferers with coronary heart failure.

Beetroot Can Help You Exercise for Longer

Beetroot may help you in exercising for prolonged intervals. We might once more credit score these nitrates in terms of higher exercise efficiency. It helps us carry out at the next stage for extra prolonged intervals due to the improved oxygen circulate to our muscular tissues.

Reduces Blood Pressure

Beetroots embody nitrates, which assist our our bodies produce extra nitric oxide which causes the blood vessels to dilate, permitting extra blood to flow into and reducing blood stress. According to analysis, ingesting one glass of beetroot juice (or consuming an equal quantity) will decrease systolic blood stress by 4-5 mmHg. 

Improves Bone Strength

Beetroot can meet 6% of your each day magnesium wants, which helps preserve our bones. These vitamins, together with copper and folate, additionally present in beets, assist your bones develop stronger and enhance bone density, therefore, stopping osteoporosis. 

Improves fertility

Beetroots can assist you have got a wholesome being pregnant. 100g of beetroots can present 20& of the each day folate requirement. As per research, a wholesome quantity of folate consumption throughout being pregnant minimises the chance of beginning abnormalities within the child.

Helps with digestion

The greens and roots of beets are excessive in fibre that aids digestion by populating our abdomen with useful microorganisms. This improve in dietary fibre also can assist with digestive issues like inflammatory bowel illness (IBD) and constipation prevention.

Weight Loss

Because of their excessive ranges of fibre, consuming beets can go away you feeling fuller. And as a result of low-calorie content material, this makes the meals a wholesome addition to a weight-loss weight loss plan. In addition, beetroot affords a wholesome dose of magnesium, which promotes muscle development. Muscle burns extra energy than fats, so retaining them will assist you to shed weight.

Healthy Recipes for Beetroot

Beetroot Cutlets

It is a wholesome mix of beets, potatoes, roasted peanuts, and spices that may function a wholesome appetiser or tea time snack on your children of all ages. In addition, you’ll be able to have them as patties for burgers or appetisers at events and get-togethers.

  • Serves – 4
  • Preparation time – 10 minutes
  • Cooking time- 40 minutes


  • One huge grated beetroot: 1.25 cup
  • Two cooked and grated medium potatoes: 1 cup
  • crumbled roasted peanuts: 1/4 cup
  • breadcrumbs, cornflour, rice flour, or sooji (Rava): 3 tablespoon 
  • grated ginger: 1 teaspoon
  • finely chopped inexperienced chillies: 2
  • finely chopped coriander leaves (cilantro): 2 tablespoon 
  • garam masala or powdered blended spices: 1/2 teaspoon 
  • powdered chat masala: 1 teaspoon
  • lime juice (non-compulsory): 1 teaspoon
  • amchur powder (non-compulsory): 1/2 teaspoon 
  • Salt to style

Method of Preparation

  • Boil the potatoes in a stress cooker or pan with some salt and water for 3-4 whistles
  • Grate the potatoes utilizing a grater
  • Squeeze off the surplus juice from the beets after peeling and grating it
  • Mix all the elements completely in a bowl. You can use maize flour, rice flour, or Rava (sooji) as an alternative of breadcrumbs as a binding agent. If the combination is just too moist, add extra bread crumbs (Do not embody water.)
  • Grease your palm with a teaspoon of oil.
  • Please make a small lemon-sized ball, flatten it between your palms, and form it into spherical cutlets or Tikki.
  • Repeat with the remaining elements to supply extra roundels.
  • Shallow fry them in a frying pan or air fry the roundels.

Beetroot Smoothie Bowl

The vibrant and pretty beetroot smoothie is wealthy in protein and fibre and filled with minerals. Increase the liquid and pour it into a big glass with a straw to take pleasure in as a smoothie bowl along with your favorite toppings.

  • Serves – 2
  • Preparation time – 10 minutes


  • protein powder per serving: 30 g 
  • frozen sliced strawberries: 140 g
  • diced beetroot: 100 g
  • chopped zucchini, contemporary or frozen: 75 g
  • plant-based milk/low fats milk: 250 mL
  • Banana: ½ 

Toppings (attempt to add one from every class)

  • Fresh fruits like slices kiwis or bananas or apples or berries.
  • Chia, hemp, and pumpkin seeds.
  • Almonds and cashews.
  • Whole Wheat Cereal, multigrain cereal  or granola
  • Nibs de cacao

Method of Preparation

  • In a blender, mix all the elements.
  • Blend on low and progressively elevate the velocity till the combination is clean and creamy.
  • Pour the combination right into a bowl and high along with your favorite toppings.  

Tossed Beetroot

With this Tossed Beetroot dish, flip this tuber into an beautiful appetiser! It comprises honey and balsamic dressing with completely roasted beets and luscious pomegranate seeds. It is of course gluten-free and vegetarian.

  • Serves – 2
  • Preparation time – 10 minutes
  • Cooking time- Half-hour


  • beetroots: 4
  • additional virgin olive oil: 2 tablespoons
  • coarse salt: 1 teaspoon
  • Pomegranate seeds: 1/2 cup
  • Honey: 1 tablespoon 
  • balsamic French dressing: 1 tablespoon

Method of Preparation

  • Wash and lower the beets in half, then slice every half into 3-4 slice
  • Place on a sheet pan. Season with 1 tbsp olive oil and a pinch of salt
  • Bake at 400°F for 20-Half-hour, or till fork-tender, relying on the scale of the beetroot
  • Combine the remaining oil, honey, and balsamic vinegar in a mixing bowl. Set apart
  • Place the roasted beets in a bowl. Stir within the pomegranate seeds and the dressing.

Beetroot Salad

With this Beetroot salad, get your fibre quota stuffed.

  • Serves – 2
  • Preparation time – 10 minutes
  • Cooking time – 10 minutes


  • beetroots: 2, small
  • Lettuce: 8 leaves, chopped
  • chia seeds: 2 tablespoon
  • additional virgin olive oil: 1 tablespoon
  • lemon juice: 1 tablespoon
  • coarse salt: 1 teaspoon
  • pepper: 1 teaspoon

Method of Preparation

  • Wash the beetroots and add them to a cooker with minimal water. Cook for 3-4 whistles.
  • Once the beets cool, take away the pores and skin and chop or lower into strips.
  • Add right into a bowl and add chopped lettuce. Top with chia seeds. 
  • Mix oil, lemon juice, salt and pepper in a small bowl. 
  • Add the dressing to the veggies and toss properly. 
  • Serve instantly or after chilling. 


People who’ve a kidney downside or undergo from stones anyplace within the physique shouldn’t eat beetroot. It may be very excessive in potassium, not making it appropriate for consumption for individuals with kidney stones. Beetroots needs to be consumed with restriction for individuals with diabetes, because it has a medium glycemic index of 61. In addition, it reduces blood stress as a result of presence of nitrates. Therefore, individuals affected by low blood stress issues shouldn’t eat beetroot.

The dose of beets relies usually on their nitrate content material. The supreme vary is between 6.4 and 12.8 mg per kg of beets. One cup (136 grams) of beets is nice each day. If you’re keen on beetroot juice, take no more than 200 ml per day.  


Beets have a protracted checklist of well being advantages. It is a superb addition to a nutritious, well-balanced weight loss plan. People with most cancers can significantly profit from consuming this crimson tuber. It has anti-carcinogenic results. Beetroot may be a holistic means to stop most cancers and handle undesired results related to chemotherapy. However, it isn’t a alternative for medicines and intensive most cancers therapies. 

Beetroot provides color, flavour, and vitality to the plate. It may be tossed, baked, or blended and added to the weight loss plan. There is concern that beets may trigger kidney injury and worsens stones. However, beetroot is secure for most individuals when taken by mouth in reasonable quantities.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Q. Is beetroot good for cancers?

A. Yes, it’s appropriate for most cancers. Beetroot juice comprises betaxanthins and betacyanins. Additionally, they include flavonoids and polyphenol. All these parts forestall oxidative stress. Oxidative stress damages cells and the substance inside like cell membrane and DNA. Prolonged oxidative stress leads to persistent well being points like most cancers. 

Q. Who shouldn’t take beetroot?

A. People who’ve kidney issues or undergo from stones anyplace within the physique shouldn’t eat beetroot. It may be very excessive in potassium, not making it appropriate for consumption for kidney issues. Additionally, it reduces blood stress as a result of presence of nitrates. Therefore, individuals affected by low blood stress issues shouldn’t eat beetroot.

Q. Why is beetroot not good for well being?

A. Beetroot shouldn’t be appropriate for well being for individuals with stones and low blood stress. Beets are wealthy in oxalate, which might trigger kidney stones in excessive doses. It also can hinder the absorption of calcium. In addition, extra consumption of beets might hurt throughout being pregnant and breastfeeding. 

Q. How a lot beetroot ought to I take a day?

A. You can eat one small beetroot in a day. It will present all important nutritional vitamins and minerals. It can even provide you with fibre for correct digestion. However, an excessive amount of of a very good factor may be dangerous. Drinking round 200 ml of beetroot juice is sufficient for a day. 

Q. What is the very best time to eat beetroot?

A. There isn’t any explicit time for consuming beetroots. You can eat it together with lunch or dinner or any time of the day. The greatest time to eat beetroot is mid-morning as a smoothie, a smoothie bowl, or a salad. 

Q. Is boiled beetroot good for well being?

A. The longer you prepare dinner beets (particularly boiling in water), the extra of the useful phytonutrients leach out into the water. As a end result, it loses water-soluble nutritional vitamins. Therefore, it’s higher to stress prepare dinner or frivolously toss beetroot in some oil to protect most vitamins.

Q. Is beetroot good for chemo sufferers?

A. Yes, it’s appropriate for chemo sufferers. Beetroot has anti-proliferative and chemopreventive properties. In addition, Betanin, a distinguished betacyanins element in beetroot, has cytotoxic and development inhibitory properties in opposition to numerous most cancers cell strains. Beetroot also can handle undesired results related to chemotherapy.

Q. What meals do you have to keep away from whereas on chemotherapy?

A. Foods to keep away from whereas on chemotherapy are scorching and spicy meals, fatty, oily, or fried, strong-smelling meals or spicy meals (it might lead to vomiting), and carbonated drinks. An individual present process chemotherapy ought to keep away from consuming undercooked or uncooked meals. 

Q. What nutritional vitamins are in beetroot?

A. Vitamins A, C, E, and Ok are the nutritional vitamins current in beetroot. These make the beetroot profile extremely anti-oxidative. They even construct their dietary profile and assist in stopping numerous vitamin deficiencies.

Q. Can we eat uncooked beetroot each day?

A. Yes, you’ll be able to eat uncooked beetroot each day. It will present all important nutritional vitamins and minerals. It can even provide you with fibre for correct digestion. And serving them up uncooked means they don’t lose any water-soluble vitamins.  

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