4 Betaine Rich Foods That Can Help Power And Strength

Performance, is reliant upon optimum diet, and it simply so occurs that some meals are higher than others on the subject of constructing energy and muscle mass. First remoted from sugar beets, betaine a well-liked pre exercise ingredient, may be present in a wide range of totally different meals, resembling wheat bran, spinach, beets, and different entire grains. Research has proven that betaine has a major affect upon coaching efficiency, and offers substantial ergogenic advantages, resembling enhancements in energy, endurance, and energy. By introducing extra betaine wealthy meals in your weight-reduction plan, you may simply be capable of push the needle in your coaching just a little bit additional.

Betaine anhydrous (trimethylglycine) is an natural osmolyte first remoted from sugar beets, however discovered in lots of meals, together with spinach, beets, and entire grains. Betaine, composed of the amino acid glycine, is a choline spinoff and produced within the physique from choline and contributes three methyl teams for the conversion of homocysteine to methionine – therefore the identify trimethylglycine.

The mechanisms of betaine, concerning enhancements in coaching efficiency, will not be totally understood, but there are a number of theories. 

Betaine acts as a methyl donor. A methyl donor is any molecule, that may switch a methyl group to a different molecule. Betaine’s principal position is within the methylation of the amino acid homocysteine to type methionine. Therefore, it’s purported that betaine could enhance creatine synthesis, due to this fact enhancing energy and energy. Betaine that doesn’t take part in methylation metabolism is used as an natural osmolyte within the regulation of cell quantity [R]. Other proposed mechanisms predict that betaine could positively have an effect on train efficiency by favorable lactate and preferential fatty acid substrate metabolism.

Betaine’s principal position nonetheless is in lowering ranges of homocysteine within the blood, supporting correct liver perform, stopping fatigue and blood clots.

Improves Strength

Betaine participates within the methylation of homocysteine to type methionine. Methionine is important within the synthesis of creatine. Therefore a proposed mechanism of betaine, is it’s means to enhance energy and energy, by rising creatine availability and enhancing muscle protein synthesis [R].

A examine carried out by the Department of Health and Exercise Science at The College Of New Jersey, examined the results and efficacy of betaine supplementation on muscle endurance, energy, and the speed of fatigue in wholesome males.

Twenty-four topics have been randomly assigned to both a betaine or placebo group, with a each day complement protocol for 2 weeks. At two weeks, the variety of reps carried out and peak energy was considerably higher within the betaine group versus placebo. Therefore, the examine concluded that betaine supplementation could enhance muscular endurance and enhance rep quantity [R].

Optimizes Body Composition

Optimal physique composition is achieved by lowering physique fats and constructing lean muscle mass. Studies have proven that betaine could enhance physique composition and train efficiency, by probably rising creatine availability [R].

A examine printed within the Journal Of The (*4*) Society Of Sports Nutrition, investigated the results of betaine supplementation on physique composition and efficiency in feminine collegiate athletes. 23 wholesome feminine topics, participated in a resistance coaching program and have been assigned to both betaine or placebo group. Each group accomplished 3 units of 6–7 workouts per day carried out to momentary muscular failure. Training was divided into two decrease and one higher physique coaching periods per week carried out on non-consecutive days for 8 weeks, and weekly quantity load was used to investigate work capability.

The examine discovered statistically important outcomes for modifications in lean mass, muscle measurement, and efficiency indicators resembling vertical leap, squat, and bench. The examine additionally discovered a major discount in physique fats share and fats free mass. Therefore, betaine supplementation could improve reductions in physique fats with out effecting losses in energy [R]. Underlying mechanisms accountable for modifications in physique composition might contain the stimulation of lipolysis [R].

Improves Peak Power

Power is a perform of vitality output over a particular distance. For bodybuilders and powerlifters meaning how a lot vitality they will put right into a barbell over the course of every rep. For cyclists, or endurance athletes, it’s how a lot vitality goes into every revolution, with the spin of the tires, or once you create momentum throughout your row. Peak energy is a important metric for athletes who carry out at 90-100% of most output for brief durations of time. These sorts of actions require a mix of energy, velocity, drive, and neuromuscular diversifications.

A examine printed within the Journal Of The (*4*) Society Of Sports Nutrition, sixteen recreationally lively topics (7 females and 9 males) accomplished three dash exams every consisting of 4 12 sec efforts towards a resistance equal to five.5% of physique weight; efforts have been separated by 2.5 min of biking at zero resistance.

Test one established baseline; exams two and three have been preceded by seven days of each day consumption of 591 ml of a carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage as a placebo or a carbohydrate-electrolyte beverage containing 0.42% betaine (roughly 2.5 grams of betaine a day); half the beverage was consumed within the morning and the opposite half within the afternoon.

Compared to baseline, betaine supplementation considerably elevated common, imply, and max peak energy for all topics [R].

RELATED ARTICLE 3 Amazing Benefits Of Betaine For Athletic Performance

Humans receive betaine from meals that both comprise betaine or choline. Betaine is wealthy in meals, resembling wheat bran, wheat germ, spinach, beets, and entire grains, though actual values will differ with totally different sources of meals and cooking strategies.

Unlike amino acids, or widespread pre-workout elements resembling creatine, beta-alanine, and taurine, meat, poultry, and nuts are typically not good sources of betaine. Baked merchandise like bread, pretzels, and crackers are main contributors to betaine consumption present in a traditional weight-reduction plan [R]. Considering the sources of betaine wealthy meals, supplementation of betaine is advisable, to derive optimum physique composition, with out added energy. Supplementation with betaine, can even assist for people who have wheat or gluten sensitivities.

The common betaine consumption is round 100–400 mg/day [R], nonetheless to acquire the ergogenic advantages from betaine 2500mg or extra is required.


Food merchandise

Betaine content material


mg/100 g 

Wheat bran 


Wheat germ 












Wheat bread 





Whole grains resembling wheat bran and wheat germ are the 2 highest meals concentrated with betaine. Grains are thought of, “whole” once they all three components of the seed stay intact. When entire grains are stripped of sure parts, they’re known as refined grains. Whole grains are usually excessive in nutritional vitamins, minerals, and fiber. These three components embrace the bran, endosperm, and germ. Refined grains have had the germ and the bran eliminated, thus leaving solely the excessive carb endosperm. Without the bran and the germ, refined grains lack precious micronutrients, fiber, and irritation combating plant compounds. This is the explanation why grains are so misinterpreted.

RELATED ARTICLE 5 Amazing Benefits Of Whole Grains

Spinach comprises one of many highest concentrations of betaine, providing 600-645mg per 100g serving. Spinach gives could further well being advantages, resembling enhancements in eye well being, lowering oxidative stress, and helping within the prevention of persistent illness states. Adding in a handful of spinach to your weekly meal plan, or making a spinach salad for lunch can provide you a well being enhance, with further nutritional vitamins and minerals, in addition to betaine.

Betaine was first found within the juice of sugar beets, with 300 per 100g serving [R]. Beetroot is a low-calorie vegetable full of antioxidants resembling polyphenols, carotenoids, vitamin c, vitamin B2, potassium, manganese, folate, potassium, betanin and nitrates. Research reveals that beetroot has a bunch of well being advantages, with latest proof purporting that the nitrate content material could enhance athletic efficiency by rising nitric oxide (NO) ranges.

In addition to efficiency advantages, beets are a highly effective superfood and supply quite a few well being advantages because of its nitrate, betanin and are a wealthy supply of potent antioxidants, resembling vitamin C, carotenoids, phenolic acids and flavonoids.

RELATED ARTICLE 22 Studies That Prove Beetroot Can Improve Athletic Performance

Shrimp is full of protein, and a wealthy supply of betaine, with 219mg per 100g serving. Shrimp is a wholesome addition to your weekly meal plan, and a straightforward method to get extra protein and betaine in your weight-reduction plan, to derive efficiency enhancing advantages, to construct and rebuild extra lean muscle mass and energy.

On common, people devour round 400mg of betaine per day. However, if you wish to derive the ergogenic advantages of betaine, you want not less than 2500mg per day, taken constantly for 2 weeks, with a purpose to improve your coaching efficiency. Adding a complement, that comprises an optimum dose of betaine, along with different confirmed pre-workout elements, is the easiest way to enhance coaching outcomes. 


Stuart AS Craig, Betaine in human diet, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, Volume 80, Issue 3, November 2004, Pages 539–549, https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/80.3.539

Lee EJ, An D, Nguyen CT, Patil BS, Kim J, Yoo KS. Betalain and betaine composition of greenhouse- or field-produced beetroot ( Beta vulgaris L.) and inhibition of HepG2 cell proliferation. J Agric Food Chem. 2014 Feb 12;62(6):1324-31. doi: 10.1021/jf404648u. Epub 2014 Feb 3. PMID: 24467616.

Zeisel SH, Mar MH, Howe JC, Holden JM. Concentrations of choline-containing compounds and betaine in widespread meals. J Nutr. 2003 May;133(5):1302-7. doi: 10.1093/jn/133.5.1302. Erratum in: J Nutr. 2003 Sep;133(9):2918. PMID: 12730414.

Cholewa, J.M., Hudson, A., Cicholski, T. et al. The results of persistent betaine supplementation on physique composition and efficiency in collegiate females: a double-blind, randomized, placebo managed trial. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 15, 37 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12970-018-0243-x

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